There are many technical terms throughout this guide, and newcomers might be confused by sentences such as "In order to beat the torikan in TAP Death, proper usage of DAS, wallkicks, and a good knowledge of TGM Rotation is required". I encourage them to consult TetrisWiki's glossary and TGM legend.
PetitPrince uses The_Tool for all those fancy GIF's.
Please also note that English is not his primary language. Feel free to correct any typo, bizarre construction or undecipherable sentences. (Partially done)
PetitPrince would also like to thank everyone who's posting on the forum. He learns something everyday.
Tetris the Grand Master - Tetris the... what ?
Tetris: The Grand Master (abbreviated as TGM) is an arcade game series developed by Arika, which was built around the very popular game created by Alexey Pajitnov, Tetris. This is a hardcore game for passionate gamers. Good games last from 7 to 15 minutes. I've written an article on it. For those more interested in Tetris history, I heavily recommend it. Trivia: the (in ?)famous "Tetris Japan Finals" and "TGM 3 Tetris Arika !!! Invisible Tetris" are respectively from TGM2+ (Death Mode) and TGM3 (Master Mode).
Sounds fun... how can I play it?
These games use a connection called JAMMA to send and receive information such as video, sound, arcade stick input, etc.; and as such, can be played on either an arcade cabinet or by using a TV and a SuperGun, which is essentially the components of an arcade cabinet, but in a smaller form factor.
Because TGM Printed Circuit Boards and Hard Drives are rare, and not as easily obtainable around the world, emulation solutions have been developed.
TGM1 is playable with several emulators including MAME, as either a standalone program on Windows or the Macintosh, or as a core through other Emulator frontends such as RetroArch or OpenEmu (Experimental); or ZiNc. ZiNc has an advantage in that it fixes an audio bug; however, ZiNc hasn't been updated in a number of years. Additionally, TGM1 is also available on PlayStation 4 and Nintendo Switch as part of the Arcade Archives series.
TGM2 is also playable with either MAME or ZiNc. For a few years between versions 0.99 and 0.12x, the MAME developers took TGM2 out of their list of supported games, per Arika's request, so for a period of time the only way to play TGM2 was to find version 0.99u4. As of this writing, TGM2 has been added back into the official MAME release, and doesn't require nearly as much work to emulate. Like with TGM1, the Plus version of TGM2 has also been made available on PlayStation 4 and Nintendo Switch as part of the Arcade Archives series.
TGM3 works much differently from the previous two games, in that, it was developed for the Taito Type-X arcade platform and runs from a Hard Drive. The Taito Type-X is a modified Personal Computer running Windows XP Embedded as the base Operating System with the Taito Type-X Game Launcher installed as software. Since TGM3 was released on a Hard Drive, those files can be copied and run on any Windows PC that meets the minimum system requirements and hardware specifications of the original Taito Type-X hardware.
Another route is to go the clone way: because TGM is a quite popular game in Japan (otherwise it wouldn't had *3* sequels), it was bound to have someone making a clone, especially when you have 2ch, one the most populous discussion boards on the planet.
Shiromino is considered to be a more accurate clone when it comes to TGM. Not including the pentomino mode, there are six modes to choose from: G1 Master (TGM1), G1 20G (TGM1 20G code), G2 Master (TAP Master), G2 Death (TAP T.A. Death), G3 Terror (Ti Shirase), and G2 Big (TAP Big code). It also comes with a multi-editor where you can practice things during the game, with selectable options for changing the delays, map, and others. A replay system is also present, so the game saves a replay of a game after you finish it, allowing you to view them.
Texmaster is one of the clones that mimics TGM. Easy to use (select your game type and play), cross platform (Win/OSX/Linux) and yet filled with handy features such as auto game recording, statistics and video export. It has a weird Counter-Strike: Source theme by default, though it's customizable. The default keybinds are: zsxv for movement, M,. for rotations (CCW, CW and CCW) and menu operation (confirmation/cancel) and spacebar for hold. F-key are for various functions, Esc is for quitting the program. The game modes, named Novice, Normal, Special, Advance, Sudden, Doubles, Special Ti, and Sudden Ti are TAP Normal, TGM1, TAP Master, TAP TGM+, T.A. Death, TAP Doubles, Ti Master, and Ti Shirase respectively.
Heboris is a huge mastodont, filled with more feature that you can dream of: multiple rotations system (ARS (both TGM2+ and TGM3 flavor), SRS (both Tetris DS and TGM3 flavor), DRS and so on...) or even customized one, special training mode, tea, coffee, bretzels and pancakes. Its development is now stopped due to some meddling TTC (or Arika, or even TTC via Arika) executive. The original creator of the guide still keeps a copy of the files on his personal space (original binaries and expansion). Unzip one in a folder, then overwrite the content of the other zip into that same folder.
The default keybinds are: zsxv for movement, bn for rotations (CCW, CW) and menu operation (confirmation/cancel) and m for hold.
Game mode: You must first select your correct rotation system (any ARS-based rotation system), then try one of the "Master" modes.
YouTube: Surprised to see YouTube in the link section? There're not just a ton, but *tons* of good players' performances recorded in it. Try with these following keywords: "TGM", "Tetris", "Death Mode", "TAP".
Tetrisconcept: The forums.
For an optimal game experience, play with an arcade stick, preferably with a 4-way restriction plate. TGM is an arcade game, after all.
Don't choose a cheap stick, because they generally have inferior grade parts. Aim for a stick with Sanwa or Seimitsu parts in it. Most of the time, these are the same parts used in the public arcade cabinets. They can withstand years of abuse by frenetic gamers; so they *should* last long enough for you. Also, cheap sticks are made from cheap plastic.
PetitPrince, the original creator of this guide, plays with Sega's Virtua Stick High Grade (VSHG). It has been built for PS3, but since consoles nowadays use the convenient USB standard, he was able to plug it into his WinXP PC. It works flawlessly. This stick uses Sanwa's JLF-TP-8Y stick. What is cool with JLF-TP-8Y is that it can be easily modified from an 8-way stick into a 4-way stick, needing nothing else other than the right screwdrivers. So in the end, you can enjoy both Street Fighter and TGM. The stick is big (~35x22x5 cm) and heavy (He'd say around 3 kg, thanks to the metal plate at the back). It's black coat, dark-gray and yellow buttons, and big round screws make him feel like he is in front of a luxury object. The only drawback is that the rebound of the stick is sometimes too strong, and thus activates the opposing switch. This can be a problem, but a more gentle playstyle should alleviate it.
PetitPrince was able to try the Real Arcade Pro (RAP) for PS2 from Hori. While it also has a JLF-TP-8Y, I felt that it was less stiff than my VSHG. Whether it is a good or bad thing is up to the player. colour_thief likes it, PetitPrince doesn't. It's a huge stick, even bigger than the VSHG, and the front shiny aluminium plate makes it look like a juggernaut. He sometimes gets confused by the button layout (2x4 for the RAP vs. 2x3 for the VSHG), but that's not a big issue. And its buttons are not as beautiful as my VSHG (seriously, green ?)
He was also able to try the Tekken 4 Stick for PS2, also from Hori. While the RAP is less stiff than the VSHG, this one is a lot stiffer. That results in a more nervous playstyle. Again, how stiff you want your stick is up to you.
Anyone without an arcade stick can play with whatever they want. After all, chances are that you won't be that hooked by TGM, fighting or arcade games. PetitPrince can handle pretty well with a keyboard or a gamepad and made it up to S3 in TGM1 with the analog stick of a Saitek P990 gamepad. There is a Gm grade player who regularly plays with a pad. The only requirement of those alternative input methods is to be able to be very responsive. An analog stick is not a good choice. And if you are a crazy genius (or a biotechnology engineer) and know how to plug the brain directly on USB, I'm interested.
Whoa, that's hard! Do you have some tips?
Sure! Ultimately, it's up to you to decide whether or not to use these techniques. While not perfect, this guide can give good advice.
Each time a tetromino locks, the level counter is incremented by one, and there's a bonus given when clearing lines. A line must be cleared in order to go over hundreds (99->100, 199->200, 299->300 etc...).
Each game typically has four directions and three or four buttons (A, B, C, and D).
- ← and → are for moving the piece horizontally. By holding a direction, DAS is activated.
- ↑ is for the sonic/hard drop: the piece instantly falls, without locking. You can use it starting in TA.
- ↓ is for the fast (soft) drop: the piece falls quicker than usual. It also used to manually lock the piece into the stack.
- Buttons A, B, and C (the three uppermost buttons on the control surface) are used for counter-clockwise, clockwise, and counter-clockwise rotation, respectively. Button D is used for Hold beginning in TGM3, and the rotation buttons' layout is inverted (CW, CCW, and CW) when using World Rule.
Lock and game speed
Right after you land a piece, you get a few frames where you can still move it. The number of frames available depends on the level, but you usually get enough time to act, assuming that you don't panic.
|Lock delay |
You can still move a piece after it has landed.
The "speed" of the game is set by several factors:
- Gravity (how fast a tetromino falls)
- Lock delay
- Sometimes the line clear animation.
In Master mode, gravity increases up to level 200, where it suddenly drops. Then it almost continually increases until it reaches level 500, where the maximum speed (20G) is reached. In TAP and Ti, there's yet another speed increment at level 700, 800 and 900 (ARE time decreases along with lock delay at level 900). I won't talk about Death mode for now, I'm not good enough °^_^ (but you can search on TetrisWiki or on the forum).
- The randomizer maintains a history of the 4 most recent given pieces.
- Every time it needs to generate a piece, it will impartially choose one of the 7 pieces.
- The randomizer checks if this chosen piece is found in the history. If it isn't, the piece is given. If it is, it randomly picks one of the 7 pieces again. If after a certain number of attempts (4 for TGM1, 6 for TAP/Ti), it still does not succeed at finding a piece outside the history, it settles for this recently given piece.
Now, it's good to know all that fancy theory, but as far as you should be concerned, it's simple: don't expect a given piece to be distributed for at least 4 other pieces.
Because it wouldn't be a fun game without something to strut about, Arika set up a grade system. Like many Japanese martial arts, you begin at grade (kyu) 9, followed incrementally by grades 8, 7, 6, 5 etc... up to grade 1. Afterwards, there will be S1 - S9, and finally Grand Master (with some conditions to achieve it).
The grade recognition system differs depending on the game.
In TGM1, your grade increases simply by gaining enough points. To get the Grand Master grade, you must finish the game under a certain time limit.
In T.A. Death, it's based on survival combined with a time attack aspect - If you can go over level 500 in under 3:25.00, you'll be awarded with an M grade. The moment you reach level 999, you'll instantly get GM.
In TGM2 Master mode, it's a little more complicated. In a nutshell, for each grade the player must score 100 internal points. The subtlety is that there's a point decay. If you want more details, well...
août 23 23:56:05 <PtitPrince> is there a chart that summarize how grade points are gained in TAP master mode ? août 23 23:56:37 <colour_thief> it's so complicated it would need a 4 dimensional chart or something août 23 23:57:02 <colour_thief> play fast and get tetrises is the simple answer though
... but c_t is exaggerating a little bit here ;), there is a chart here. But his idea is right: don't try to optimize your game with this chart, just try to play faster and to make more Tetrises.
Editor's Addendum: In TGM3 Master mode, the score display is removed, and the grade system has been expanded further. This time, in order to obtain the GM grade, the player must complete Master mode with exhausting the potential of all 3 internal grading systems, obtaining nine Section COOLs, getting six grade points during the credit roll, and getting the MasterM grade before playing four games that are enough to qualify the player for a "Promotional Exam" to the GM grade.
Starting with TGM2, medals are awarded for particular actions. They don't count toward or affect the final score.
- AC (All clear): Bronze for one bravo, silver for two, gold for three.
- RO (Rotation): At Lv. 300, 700, or 999, the number of rotations per tetromino should be at least 6/5. (Only in TGM2/TAP)
- ST (Section time): Bronze or silver for approaching the machine's section time record; gold for beating it.
- SK (Skill): Quadruple line clears. Master: 10 awards bronze, 20 awards silver, 35 awards gold. T.A. Death: 5 awards bronze, 10 awards silver, 17 awards gold.
- RE (Recovery): Have 150 or more blocks in the playfield, then clear enough lines that 70 or fewer blocks remain. (Only in TGM2/TAP)
- CO (Combo): Clear lines with consecutive tetrominoes (double or higher needed). 4 awards bronze, 5 awards silver and 7 awards gold. Single line clears keep the current combo active, but do not add to it.
General and sub-20G tips and tricks (0-300)
The perfect game does not (always) exist
Holes and mistakes are bound to happen. The art of Tetris is to minimize its damage and its rate of appearance.
|Details of a TAP S7 game from Rosti LFC |
Notice how he managed to keep his game really clean despite an unfavorable stack.
Maximize your luck/chance
You should stack flat, but not too much. A rule of thumb is to determine which position gives the most opportunity to the other pieces. Getting the right feeling takes time.
Corollary: if there's a place when only one tetromino could fit cleanly, put it in as soon as it appears.
There's a little trick that one can do with a stick in order to save some time: zangi-moves (this name comes from Zangief). There's nothing very special about them, but they are just very convenient manipulations to use.
A 270° motion is needed in order to quickly accomplish this move.
Keep your right
You must have a right oriented game. That means:
- Tetris well on the right.
Because the I piece has asymmetrical rotations, it is easier to place it in a well on the right than on the left. It is less a problem in TGM3 due to floorkicks, but it's a little easier to place them at the right. Note that PetitPrince knows a ninja who get a GM grade score with a left well. But it's a ninja.
- Keep the left clean, put the garbage at the right
Some more experienced player than me urges me to say that it's a lot easier to clean a stack when the garbage are at the right.
Always finish your game, even if you started it badly. By cleaning up messy lines at low gravity, you are learning how to clean really ugly playfields in 20G (when you just don't have the time to think).
Keep the center clean
Holes in the middle column are really, really, hard to fix. Avoid them at all costs.
Tips and tricks nearing 20G
Keep your cool!
The speed is becoming significantly greater than your Game Boy experience. Keep cool, stay zen and focused! Otherwise you may be putting pieces in positions that hinder you even more. I must not fear. Fear is the mind-killer. Fear is the little-death that brings total obliteration...
Know what you can and can't
While nearing 20G, the movement palette is constantly shrinking. You must know what movement is sustainable and what movement is not an option.
Das DAS ist sehr wichtig
DAS (Delayed Auto-Shift) is very useful to send a tetromino at the edge of the playfield. Repeatedly tapping is far less efficient, so you must optimize your movement by pressing the least buttons possible. Time saved on piece manipulation is the time available to think about the piece position.
Pyramiding your way, part 1
It's a good idea to start piling the tetromino at the center of the playfield, because your pieces will naturally fall on the border of the playfield, enabling you to get a few additional microseconds to think. It is also much more easier for the I piece to fall in the well.
Uses and misuses of the I piece, part I: rotations
The I piece is at the same time your worst friend and your best enemy. Or the opposite, I don't remember. Anyway, what I want you to know is that while making Tetris is always a good thing, placing the I in a correct fashion is more tricky, especially in an high speed environment. You *must* know how the I behaves, and where you can rotate it and where you can't.
Fortunately, it's not that hard to remember its rotations.
You see, unlike other tetrominos, the I piece has only two states in ARS: flat and upright. That makes the reflexion much more easy to do.
Because its rotation is asymmetrical, the "center" of the piece is in the third block. So, in order to determine whenever a rotation is possible of not, you only have to check if the third column is free or not.
Uses and misuses of the I piece, part 2: "I am not a joker"
The I is not a joker, and getting one won't magically solve all your problem. That's not probably true in any other Tetris game, as TGM is very restrictive regarding the pieces' movements. I-pieces in TGM can doom you in some scenarios.
In case of difficult distribution, where you are forced to create a hole or a semi-hole, mastering overhangs comes in handy. Overhangs are not so bad places that can easily be filled with other pieces. Even if you played an old Tetris game a lot, you probably don't have this skill, because it extensively uses lock delay.
T-spins aren't as important as in guideline games, but they are nonetheless quite useful. What is a T-spin? That's a T rotation that fills normally unfillable semi-holes.
|Most of the time you'll want to use a T-spin in this situation|
Advanced and 20G (500+) Tips and tricks
Pyramiding your way, part 2
The movement palette in 20G is very, very reduced, and that makes pyramiding harder because you can get stuck because of a hole.
Be very careful not to make any holes, for that can be quite incapacitating.
A good 20G stack should leave the player a possibility to place his pieces wherever he wants.
Note that in this case, IRS the L to the right is possible.
Wall kicks are gameplay elements that really open the game. The theory is as it follows: if a rotation is normally impossible, the game tries to nudge the piece one cell to the right, and then to the left if it fails to the right, and then fails if it fails to the left.
Now, the theory may seems dead simple, but some applications are really counter-intuitive. Take this L kick, which works in ARS and TOD rotations:
Where to place
Of course, not all useful wall kicks are as counter-intuitive as this one. Some are pretty vicious though. Here's some wall kick examples:
Synchro, auto-synchro : fuuuu~sion, HA !
This is where Tetris looks more like a fighting game than a puzzle game.
|You need a good understanding of the game internals to do it.
Each frame, it reads the player's input, then process it accordingly, then draw the frame. The trick is that rotation and horizontal movement is processed at the same time. So in order to jump that hole, you need to press joystick (movement) and the button (rotation) at the same time.
Let's review that particular move more in details:
Frame 1: Initial situation
Now, while these kind of moves are possible, they are seldom used. Why? Because you need a 1-frame precision, or in other words, a precision of a 1/60th of a second! Even the most elite Guilty Gear player got more time than that to react!
Now it's still possible to use synchro in a normal game. You just need to use it in conjunction with DAS. Because DAS (when charged) sends a movement input every frame, what you need to do is to just press the rotation button.
So, you want to be a Grand Master? That's a long and difficult process. TGM is a little bit more than reflexes and mastering the rotations. Here's some tips about the "meta" aspect of TGM.
Play regularly. Tetris: The Grand Master is definitively not a casual game we boot from time to time. Like any sport or martial art, in order to be good at it, you must play and train regularly, pushing your limit a little bit further each time.
Methods of training
Motivation motivation motivation
In itself, Tetris can be quite boring. Once you have learned how to stack correctly, you'll only need to improve on stacking reflexes and optimizations*; much like walking or jogging, it can eventually get monotonous. Therefore, it's essential to have a source of motivation to push your skills further. I have two suggestions:
- Gain a competitive spirit. Tetris, for the most part, is just a solo game. But like the athletic field, it's possible to make your solo game a bit more competitive; for example, try challenging yourself against the other players on the high-score tables. More importantly, if you're competing against real-life friends, try exchanging tips & tricks, words of encouragement, etc.
- Fix your own objectives. Everyone wants to become the Grand Master, that's for sure, but it's more motivating to set intermediate goals first: for example, reaching level X or grade Y, etc.
- * Okay, that term is a bit ridiculous. We learn about reflexes every day in terms of stacking technique, and it's not like we could reach Jin8's Jedi-like skills in a couple of days, but you get the idea.
- Get an S1 grade in TGM.
- Reach level 300 in TGM
- Finish TAP Normal mode (including credit roll).
- Regularly reach level 300 in TGM
- Reach level 500 in TGM
- Reach level 150 in TAP T.A. Death
- Get an S1 grade in TAP Master Mode
- Reach level 200 in TAP T.A. Death
- Reach level 700 in TGM
- Get an S7 grade in TGM
- Reach level 300 in TAP T.A. Death
- Reach level 999 in TGM
- Complete the game with the GM grade in TGM
- Get an S7 grade in TAP Master Mode
- Reach level 400 in TAP T.A. Death
- Reach level 999 in TAP Master Mode
- Clear the semi-invisible credit roll on TAP Master Mode
- Get an S9 grade in TAP Master Mode
- Reach level 500 in TAP T.A. Death
- Get the M grade in TAP T.A. Death (level 500 at 3:25:00 or faster)
- Reach level 700 in TAP T.A. Death
- Reach level 999 in TAP Master Mode
- Get GM in TAP T.A. Death (obtained by getting to level 999)
- Survive the credit roll and get GM in TAP Master Mode
- Reach level 500 in TGM3 Master Mode (under 7:00:00)
- Reach level 999 in TGM3 Master Mode
- Clear the M-roll in TGM3 Master Mode
- Obtain the GM Grade by passing the Promotional Exam in TGM3 Master Mode
- Reach level 1300 in TGM3 Shirase Mode
- Clear the credit roll and get the S13 grade in TGM3 Shirase Mode
- Clear all 27 stages in TGM3 Sakura Mode
- Get a high Hanabi score in TGM3 Easy mode